What exactly is Web
Testing and Why Should You Do It?
Before your web application or website goes live and is
accessible to the general public, you should test it for potential bugs. Web
testing examines the web application or website for functionality, usability,
security, compatibility, and performance.
During this stage, issues such as web application security,
site functionality, accessibility for handicapped and regular users, and
traffic handling capacity are examined.
How to Run a Web
Depending on your web testing requirements, the following
testing methods may be used in Software Engineering.
Website functionality testing entails a variety of testing
parameters, including user interface, APIs, database testing, security testing,
client and server testing, and basic website functionalities. Functional
testing is extremely convenient, as it allows users to conduct both manual and
automated tests. It is carried out in order to check the functionality of each
Web-based testing activities include ensuring that all links
on your webpages are operational and that no links are broken. The following
are some of the links that will be checked:
- Links that go out - An outbound link, also known as an
external link, is a hyperlink that leads from your website to another
- Links within the site - An
internal link is a type of
hyperlink on a web page that points to another page or resource on the
same website or domain, such as an image or document.
- Anchor Text - An anchor link is a clickable button
or text on a website page or post that allows you to jump from one page to
- Mailto URL - The mailto URL scheme is used to
designate an individual's or service's Internet mailing address. A mailto
URL is a URL that contains an Internet mail address in its most basic
The Test Forms are functioning properly. This will include
- The form's scripting
checks are working as expected.
- If a user does not fill
out a mandatory field in a form, for example, an error message is
- Verify that the default
values are being used.
- The data in the forms is
either submitted to a live database or linked to a working email address
once they are submitted.
- Forms are formatted in a
way that makes them easier to read.
Run a test to ensure Cookies are functioning normally.
Cookies are small files that websites use to remember active user sessions so
that you don't have to log in each time you visit. Cookie testing will include
- When the cache is cleared
or when the testing cookies (sessions) expire, they are deleted.
- Delete cookies (sessions)
and check that you are prompted for your login credentials when you return
to the site.
To ensure that search engines can easily crawl your site,
test the HTML and CSS. This will entail
- Checking for Errors in
- Standard Compliance for
Readable Colour Schemas
- Ensure that W3C, OASIS,
IETF, ISO, ECMA, and WS-I standards are adhered to.
This will include testing the business workflow.
- Testing your end-to-end
workflow/business scenarios that require the user to navigate through a
series of webpages to complete.
- Test negative scenarios as
well, so that if a user takes an unexpected step, an error message or help
is displayed in your web application.
It is critical to have a visually appealing website.
According to recent studies, aesthetics increase credibility, implying that a
positive user experience is essential. To do so, you'll need to run usability
tests on your website.
Usability testing is a set of procedures for determining how
easy it is for a user to navigate your website.
This testing entails a group of representatives providing
feedback on the quality of your website. The more problems that are discovered,
the more improvements are required.
Not only that, but most visitors to your website are looking
for specific information for to book a ticket to Dubai. They frequently devote
only a small amount of time to such activities. If your website fails to meet
those needs quickly and easily, they will move on to one that does.
Usability testing should cover all phases of website
development in order to provide the best user experience. To break it down, the
testing should take place in the following order:
- Before making any design
choices, consider the following factors.
- When you require
additional information during the development process
- When there are differing
viewpoints on the design
- After the launch, you'll
need to evaluate things.
In a nutshell, usability testing occurs during the stages of
brainstorming, prototyping, and evaluation.
How to Test the
Usability of a Website
- Decide what you want to measure - To begin, you must clearly
state what you hope to accomplish with the testing and which part of the
website will be the focus. Do you only want to know how users will
successfully book a ticket, for example? Do you want to see how a new
design could improve the user experience? While it is always best to
perform one test at a time, the most important thing is to clearly define
your goal so that you can accurately measure the test.
- Choose the Most Effective Approach - The method you use for
usability testing is critical, as we previously stated. In-person testing
on-site is a good option if you want to run a series of tests with the
same people. However, moderated remote usability testing can help you get
results quickly while maintaining high quality with participants from all
over the world.
- Set your success rate and create a task scenario - The task
scenario is similar to what we discussed earlier about booking the
cheapest one-way flight to Dubai on a specific date. After you've created
the scenario, you'll need to figure out how likely you are to succeed.
Let's say you want to use the ease with which you can find the right
booking page as an indicator. You can decide whether all four fields must
be correct all of the time or if you can live with mistakes in one of
them. As a success indicator, you might want to include time limits for
the booking process.
- Source for the participants - You should conduct usability
testing that is both effective and efficient. As a result, selecting the
appropriate participants is critical. In general, each testing session
should have five participants — it's simple to manage and doesn't cost
much if you use third-party services. The number of participants required
is determined by the development stages and the method of testing. You can
choose random people to test your website during the early stages of
development. However, you may not need to study the ideal user first if
you use this method.
- Execute the Test - You should not use random techniques for a
single session, even if you use random participants. That said, even for
unmoderated remote users, you must be consistent in terms of the task and
the order when conducting the test. It is beneficial to give the
participants clear and concise instructions. You can tell them how long
the test will take, how they should respond to their findings, and what
the test's goal is.
- Analyse your findings and make a report on them - You can
summarize the results and organize the reports according to your
objectives, depending on the type of testing. The results could be
analysed using thematic or correlational analysis. You can create a
customer journey map if you do the test on your own. This is critical for
retaining information. It also allows you to get a user's point of view on
the subject. Another method is to categorize things like pros and cons,
major and minor issues, normal and critical problems, and so on using
spreadsheets. This will make any website upgrades easier to plan.
Website usability testing is critical for your business to
ensure that you have the best-designed website possible that is focused on the
end user. You can choose from three types of usability testing depending on
your needs and objectives. In particular, in-person or in-house usability
testing, as well as unmoderated and moderated remote usability testing.
After you've decided on a method, follow these six steps to
conduct usability testing:
- Decide what you want to
- Choose the most effective
- Create a task scenario and
a success rate for it.
- Identify the participants.
- Execute the test
- Analyse your findings and
write a report on them.
Mar 28, 2021
by Adekunle Oludele